Education for Girls

With a new Government in Norway in October 2013, there is hope for more emphasis on education in development cooperation – and in particular education for girls.

This is indeed good news for all of us who have understood the importance of education in development, and who have felt the impact of the last 8 years of less focus on the education sector.

Under Prime Minster Bondeviks government, from 2001 to 2005, development minister Hilde Frafjord Johnson introduced that education was “Job number one”, but under 8 years with Stoltenberg, this aim has not been followed up.

Erna Solberg, the new Norwegian Prime Minister has at several occations proclaimed that she believes education for girls is crucial in order to reduce poverty. And there are good indications that her ministers are following up on this policy.

According to news in Oslo, organizations in Norway, for instance Save the Children, Plan Norway and SOS Children’s Village supports this new enthusiasm for education.

DECO in 2009 – 2013
The DECO assignments during this period are as a rule sub consultancies under Nordic Consulting Group (NCG), this means that contracts are between the clients and NCG. Janne Lexow is senior partner in NCG as well as director of DECO.From 2010 Wirak has been employed by Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Oslo.This webpage will soon be updated. Janne Lexow has had a large number of assignments during the last years.
Republic of South Africa – mapping of cooperation in Higher Education and Research
In April 2009 Wirak was assigned by Norad to undertake a mapping of the cooperation between Norway and RSA in the fields of Higher Education and Research.Data from the work were loaded to an Access data base established for the consultancy. Some of the main findings were in addition presented to the client in the form of a report. One significant conclusion is that the cooperation between the two countries in the fields of higher education and research is widening and spreading to include new thematic areas, and that the kind of institutions involved are to a lesser extent traditional Universities and research institutions. Now also private companies, consultants and free research institutions are active partners. However the main actors on this scene continue to be the large universities. In RSA these are University of Western Cape, Cape Town, Kwazulu-Natal and Stellenbosh, and in Norway we find the universities of Bergen (as the largest) followed by Oslo, University of Life Sciences, and NTNU.
Sri Lanka – appraisal of skills training program
WUSC (World University Service of Canada), has proposed a continuation of an ongoing skills training program (OPTIONS: Opportunity for Training in Needed Skills Phase V)�. This was a relatively short desk assignment of 5 days. The conclusion was positive and the Norwegian Embassy in Colombo is recommended to continue dialogue with WUSC in order to agree on a renewal of the cooperation.
Ethiopia – education for journalists
Between 2004 and 2007 Norad financed a project at Addis Ababa University with an aim to establish a Faculty of Journalism and Communication. This is one of the largest international media programs financed by Norway. More than 100 MA graduates have so far been examined, and a Faculty has been established with modern equipment and furniture. Anders Wirak was assigned in September to prepare a Final Report, summarising the experiences from the project.
Pakistan and Norway – Cooperation in the field of culture
As a follow up of the May 2008 assignment, Janne Lexow visited Pakistan and North West Frontier Province (NWFP) together with Prof. Sajida Vandalin in October. The cultural cooperation program will hopefully start in 2009.
Evaluation of UNICEF and Ministry of Education in Afghanistan (August 2008)
Sida and the Norwegian Embassy in Kabul have supported education development in Afghanistan through a joint UNICEF/MoE Programme. After international competition Nordic Consulting Group won the assignment to evaluate the programme. Anders Wirak (team leader) and Janne Lexow (both NCG/DECO) undertook the evaluation in August 2008.
The final report is available HERE. It has also been published at the UNICEF/UNGEI WEB-page:http://www.ungei.org/resources/1612_1991.html
Pakistan and Norway – Cultural Cooperation.
In mid May 2008 Janne Lexow (NCG/DECO) and Prof. Sajida Vandal delivered their report “A Programmatic Framework for Norway�s cultural cooperation with the North West Frontier Province in Pakistan 2008- 2015″ to the Norwegian Embassy in Islamabad.The report discusses the possibilities for expansion of the current Norwegian portfolio, with a special reference to the North West Frontier Province (NWFP). Focus of the report is on long term programmatic framework, with emphasis on youths and performing arts.
Bangladesh: Appraisal of BRAC’s new Education Programme (BEP 2009-2014).
In April 2008 Wirak participated in the review of BRAC’s Education Programme and in appraisaing the proposals for the coming five years. Client for the assignment was AusAID as Australia is one of the main donors to the programme. Ad Boren from Nuffic was Team Leader. In addition Gillian Tasker and Yusuf Kassem participated in the team.
Review of the International part of Ibsen 2006. On assignment from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), DECO has reviewed the international part of the Ibsen Jubilee year 2006. The review work started late in January 2008 and the first draft of the report was delivered to the client on 31st of March 2008. Wirak (Team Leader) and Lexow participated in the review which included survey among Norwegian Embassies abroad, interviews of selected resource persons, and comprehensive desk study. The report (in Norwegian) is available here, ands also on www.regjeringen.no and The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affair’s intranet page.
Ethiopia: Mid-Term Review of Norwegian Church Aid and Save the Children Norway’s project: Prevention and Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation and other Harmful Traditional Practices.
(2007 December). Janne Lexow led the team of consultants and staff from Norad and MOFA to undertake the mid-term review which included fieldwork in Gondar and in Omo areas of Ethiopia.
Ethiopia: Joint Review Mission (JRM) 2007, Education Sector Development Programme (ESDP)
JRM took place between 27 of October and 17 of November 2007. Wirak was Regional Team Leader for the team covering both Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa.One breaking news is that for the first time there is a majority of females in Secondary Schools in Addis Ababa. But the contrasts in Ethiopia are large – also in terms of gender and education as in some classrooms in rural areas of Dire Dawa there are no girls at all.In connection to Ethiopia celebrating its 2000 year’s anniversary, special Millenium Development Goals for Ethiopia have been proclaimed. Among these is the goal of enrolling all children in school age – now!

The JRM reports from Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa are available here: Addis Ababa Report, Dire Dawa Report.

More information and references to ESDP documents can be found on http://www.dagethiopia.org/education.aspx

Zanzibar – developing towards ZEDP
In September 2007 the 12 Technical Working Groups (with about 90 resource people) met again and finalised their proposals for activities to be be included in the ZEDP. During the last days all groups presented their proposals and priorities for each other.The TWGs’ reports are available here.

All the meetings took place at the beautiful Rahaleo Learning Centre (under MoEVT)
Zanzibar – Development of Education Sector Plan based on SWAp.
The ZEDCO Consortium consisting of DECO, LINS, NCG and in cooperation with UNESCO/IIEP, has undertaken several studies in Zanzibar during the period January to June 2007.On June 5, The Honorable Minister of Education together with about 90 representatives from the education sector participated in a meeting to introduce the final phases of the planning process. The Minister presented the visions of education development and representatives from ZEDCO presented some of the reports produced so far.Then 12 Technical Working Groups were established to develop specific plans for different sub-sectors and cross-cutting issues. Four consultants from ZEDCO participated in the process as facilitators. The technical Working Groups will deliver their proposals on June 22.

Some of the reports produced are available:
The Draft Education Situation Analysis, (PDF)

Local Community Study (Word)

Capacity Assessment Report Report, Draft

Research and research related higher education in development cooperation.
DECO has been assigned by Norad to prepare a study on how donor countries organise their cooperation with the Third World in the field of Research and Higher Education. Specific countries have been selected for more thorough assessment. Deadline for this desk study is end of May 2007.
Afghanistan – Mid Term Review of Education Programme – EQUIP.
Norad and The Norwegian Embassy in Kabul have requested DECO/LINS (Wirak and Lexow) to take part in the Mid Term Review of EQUIP (The Education Quality Improvement Programme) during the second half of April 2007. This programme is co-financed by The World Bank and Norway, and includes quality and infrastructure grants to schools as well as teacher training and elements of monitoring and evaluation. One of the major elements of EQUIP is establishing and capacity building of School Management Committees in all schools covered by the programme. DECO’s input relate particularly to Quality Grant element as well as Gender aspects.The report is available HERE.
Palestinian Areas – Review of the CED Programme.
DECO/LINS has been contracted by Norad and the Norwegian Representative Office in Al Ram, Jerusalem, to follow up and assist with the Review of the Norwegian Programme with the Ministry of Education in Ramallah, the CED Programme. A Palestinian team of experts is undertaking the review.
Zanzibar – Local Community Study.
Lexow and Wirak undertook a study of Local Communities’ role in education development in Zanzibar in February 2007. One of the foci of the study is the role and functions of the School Management Commiittees. The study feeds into the planning of the Zanzibar Education Development Programme.
The report is available here.
NCG/DECO – new contract. Desk study on disaster risk reduction management.
The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Norad has asked NCG to undertake a desk study to assess disaster risk reduction management in four countries – Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nicaragua and Haiti. Janne Lexow, NCG partner and chairperson of DECO wrote the proposal and will be leader for the assignment, which also will include Svein J�rgensen and �sbj�rn Skaaland from NCG, and Anders Wirak from NCG/DECO.
Nora�s Sisters � In commemoration of the centennial for Ibsen’s death.
Henrik Ibsen is one of Norways most famous authors. The centennial for his death in 2006 has included many activities in Norway and abroad. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has taken the initiative to a series of Ibsen seminars, to be organized by Norwegian diplomatic missions and embassies abroad. The project �Nora�s Sisters� wishes to put women- and gender questions on the agenda in countries where there is keen interest in Ibsen and his plays. The aim of the project is to use Ibsen�s works as a starting point and source of inspiration for the seminar debates and discussions.The core themes will be gender equality and the respective roles of today�s women and men in different societies and cultural settings.DECO has been engaged as an external resource base for planning of the seminars. Lexow has been the responsible partner and functioned as a the Secretariat for the MFA Reference Groups which has been established particularly for the project.In 2006, seminars have been conducted in Alexandria, New Delhi and Maputo. During the first half of 2007, three new seminars will be held in Beijing, Moscow and Tel Aviv. More seminars are at the planning stage.

A special �Nora�s Sisters� publication in English has been produced for the series.Besides a joint foreword by the Norwegian Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Development Cooperation, it has articles by prominent writers, academics and politicians.The publication is currently available in Arabic and, Portuguese, but will be published in Chinese and Russian in the near future.

Link to Nora’s Sisters

Madagascar – Joint Review Mission of the National Education for All (EFA) Programme, October 2006.
LINS and DECO consultants Robert Smith and Anders Wirak participated in the Third Joint Review Meeting of the EFA-programme in Madagascar in October 2006. Main topic  discussed was the situation of teachers. A special case for Madagascar is that about half of all primary education teachers are recruited by local communities – the FRAMs (parents’ organisations). Hence, one important issues is the role, education, and salaries of these teachers.The Norwegian Embassy in Antananarivo and Norad requested the LINS/DECO consultants to take part in the mission.
Bangladesh – Review of UCEP. August 2006
Review of the Project “Underprivileged Children’s Education Programme (UCEP) 2004-2007. DECO/LINS was engaged by the Norwegian Embassy in Dhaka/Norad to participate in the review of UCEP from 5th to 17th of August 2006.
Service delivery fragile states/education sector
Lexow has been a member of Norad�s technical group on service delivery to fragile states with focus on the education sector.The assignment included document analysis, field work to Nepal, international conferences/workshops,cross-thematic exchange with water/sanitation and health group, research on various aspects of emergency education/fragile states services (approved by Norad), presentations,support to OECD/DAC team, briefing papers, several reports to client on INEE and other related issues.A national workshop is forthcoming. The assignment was performed from August 2005 to June 2006.
Madagascar – Joint Review Mission of the National Education for All (EFA) Programme, April 2006.
On request from the Norwegian Embassy in Antananarivo, DECO’s consultant Wirak will take part in the second joint review of the EFA programme under the Ministry of Education and Research. The mission will be carried out from 1 to 12 of April.
Review of fellowship program for Tibetan students, January – March 2006
On request from Norad, Janne Lexow from DECO is undertaking a revewi of this fellowship programme. The review includes field work to China/Tibet.
Madagascar – commenting report from Ministry of Education regarding implementation of the EFA Program, March 2006
The second report from MENRS on the EFA Programme was commented by DECO on request from Norad
Sri Lanka – After the tsunami – Review of school infrastructure programme financed by Norway – March 2006.
On assignment for the Norwegian Embassy in Colombo, Sri Lanka, LINS/DECO took part in a review of two projects financed by the Norwegian Government and implemented by Norwegian Refugee Council and Plan International.
In addition to Anders Wirak from DECO, Bente Nilson from Norad and V. Shanthakumar participated in the team.
Afghanistan � several assignments January – February 2006.
The first Joint Supervision Mission of Education Quality Improvement Program (EQUIP) in Afghanistan took place in January 2006. On assignment for the Norwegian Embassy in Kabul, the Norwegian team consisted of Hilde Thyness (Norad), Bj�rn Berg (representing the Norwegian Ministry of Education) and Anders Wirak (DECO and Team Leader for the Norwegian part of the team). The World Bank was represented by a relatively large team which stayed in Afghanistan for several weeks, led by the Task Manager Scherezad Latif. In addition to contributing to the joint Aide Memoire from the mission, the Norwegian team�s report will be appended.In addition to the EQUIP assignment Thyness and Wirak appraised proposal from the Norwegian Refugee Council, request from Unicef for 3 year education programme and proposal from UNESCO/IIEP/MOE for the preparation of a 5 year strategy plan for education for Afghanistan.
Ethiopia: Joint Review Mission 2005, Education Sector Development Programme (ESDP)
(2005-11-03) With a contract from Sida, Wirak participated as  Regional Team Leader for the Southern Region (SNNPR) at this years Joint Review Mission (JRM) for the Education Sector Development Programme.Ethiopia recently started on its third ESDP programme. The JRM consists of representatives from the Ethiopian Government and other main stakeholders in education. Six regions were covered in total. The regional team to SNNPR stayed in the region 10 days and visited 6 Woredas (districts). The SNNPR report is available for downloading here.

More information and references to ESDP documents can be found on http://www.dagethiopia.org/education.aspx
Madagascar: Appraisal of request from Ministry of Education. (2005-10-20)
The Malagasy Ministry of Education (MENRS) has requested financial and technical assistance from Norway over the period from 2005 to 2007. The request totals NOK 130 mill.Madagascar has been invited to benefit from the Fast Track Initiative. Donors on the island have decided to harmonise efforts in their support to the education sector within a revised Education for All Plan. (Ref to UNICEF)A team from Norad and LINS/DECO undertook a formal appraisal of the request in September. The appraisal recommends that the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs accepts the request. More details can be found in the appraisal report which is available on Norad’s web-pages. It can also be downloaded here.In addition to financial aid, MENRS wants broader cooperation with Norwegian institutions and persons. Norway has been an active stakeholder in education in Madagascar for many years.
Madagascar: Evaluation of HIMO/ILO projects. (2005-07)
DECO participated in two evaluations in Madagascar in July 2005. Among the projects assessed were* HIMO URBAIN a project serving communes around Antananarivo in terms of establishing and maintaining of infrastructure as channels, roads, paths, football fields,
* HIMO COMMUNAL which strengthen communes and local institutions in terms of building adequate infrastructure,
* HIMO BATIEMENT which has constructed cyclone proof schools at low cost. These buildings have proved to resist strong winds, while other buildings are damaged.The HIMO methods are characterised by the use of local labour and materials, strengthening of competence and institution building. A common feature of the HIMO/ILO projects in Madagascar is the high quality of the work, the methods and of the results. Read more about HIMO.
Angola: Review of ADPP education activities
(2005-04-26) As part of the LINS/Norad agreement DECO is engaged in a review of Development Aid People to People (ADDP) in Angola.The assignment consists of both participation in ADPPS 10th year review of the teacher training programme and an organisational review of ADDP. Field work in Angola will take place during second half of April 2005.
Afghanistan – Planning Norwegian Cooperation in Education 
(2005 04 26) The team assigned for Norads identification mission to Afghanistan consisted of Bente Nilson and Hilde Thyness (Norad), Abdul Star Hayatt (Kabul), Titus Tenga (LINS) and Anders Wirak (LINS/DECO – team leader.)The report “Afghanistan – Norwegian Education Team Report” has been approved by the Norwegian Embassy in Kabul.
Evaluation of Norad’s Fellowship Programme
(2004-05) A team consisting of Nordic Consulting Group (NCG), Nuffic and DECO won the international tender for this evaluation in 2004.The evaluation team consists of: Ad Boeren (Nuffic), Mike Fergus (NCG), Stein Hansen (NCG) (team leader), Janne Lexow (DECO/NCG), Erlend Sigvaldsen (NCG) and Anders Wirak (DECO/(NCG). Local consultants have been involved in Bangladesh, Tanzania and Uganda.The report is available from Norad’s web-pages http://norad.no/default.asp?V_ITEM_ID=3206
Malawi National Gender Program
(2004 11 29) DECO AS has finalised the appraisal of the Malawi National Gender Program. This was  an assignment for Norad.
Ireland’s relations to UNESCO in the field of Education.
(2004 12 29) DECO AS delivered a note regarding this issue to the client, the Irish DCI in Dublin.
Joint Review Mission (JRM) – ESDP Ethiopia.
(October 2004) DECO AS, NCG AS and LINS have been engaged to participate in development and monitoring of the Education Sector Development Programme (ESDP) in Ethiopia since the inception of the programme. Five consultants have participated in Joint Review Mission, one consultant have prepared special study on “Gender and Education” (2003) and one consultant took part in the Identification process.In October 2004 one DECO consultant, Anders Wirak took part in JRM as sub-team leader, responsible for the team to Afar Region. The client was DFID. The report is available for downloading here.The Gross Enrollment Rate (GER) for primary education in the Afar Region is very low – below 15. During the coming months, however, 100 Alternative Basic Education Centres will be established in order to increase GER significantly.

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